Professor John McCarthy is a mathematician, computer scientist, and cognitive scientist; a pioneer in mathematical theory of computation, artificial intelligence (he created the term Artificial Intelligence), and computer programming languages: he invented (some say discovered) Lisp in 1958, one of the oldest and highest level languages, arguably the oldest language in active use today, and maybe the oldest high-level language overall, along with Fortran. Languages of similar vintage are Fortran and Cobol. As of 2001 Jan 1, he is Professor Emeritus of Computer Science, Stanford University, USA.
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Wikipedia: John McCarthy (Computer Scientist)
Short biography in the online encyclopedia with links to articles on related topics.
Wall Street Journal: McCarthy, a Founder of Artificial Intelligence, Dies at 84
Article by Stephen Miller on a founder of the study of artificial intelligence, who named the discipline and spent decades making computers understand things that for humans are common sense. (October 26, 2011)