Kirkuk (also spelled Karkuk or Kerkuk), is the capital of Kirkuk Governorate. It is located 250 kilometres (156 miles) north of the capital, Baghdad. The Kirkuk region lies among the Pir Magrun (Gudrun) to the north-east, the Zab River and the Tigris River to the west, the Hamrin Mountains to the south, and the Sirwan (Diyala) River to the south-east. It stands on the site of the ancient Assyrian capital of Arrapha, which sits near the Khasa River on the ruins of a 5,000-year-old settlement (Kirkuk Citadel.) Arrapha reached great importance under the Assyrians in the 10th and 11th centuries BC. Because of the strategic geographical location of the city, Kirkuk was the battle ground for three empires, Assyria, Babylonia, and Media , who controlled the city at various times. Kirkuk is the centre of the northern Iraqi petroleum industry. It is an historically and ethnically mixed city populated by mostly Kurds, Assyrians, Turkmen and Arabs. City is sometimes referred to as the "unofficial capital" of Turkmeneli
Pictures, articles, history, and other information about the Assyrian community in Kirkuk, Bet-Nahrain, also includes information about the Assyrian School in Kirkuk, Assyrian Athletic club, and Church events.