It is a republic located on an archipelago of the North Atlantic Ocean, off the western coast of Africa. The previously-uninhabited islands were discovered and colonized by the Portuguese in the 15th century; they subsequently became a trading centre for African slaves. Most Cape Verdeans descend from both groups. "Cape Verde" (Portuguese: Cabo Verde) is named for Cap-Vert (Green Cape), now in Senegal, the westernmost point of Africa.
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