Includes sites related to processes of the Central Dogma of Genetics: transcriotion to mRNA, mRNA splicing, translation to polypeptides, modification of the resulting polypeptides by specific proteolysis and conjugation to carbohydrates, lipids and prosthetic groups. Also includes control of the processes: pre-transcriptional by factors controlling transcription to mRNA and post-transcriptional control by RNA interference (iRNA). A separate sub-category includes sites related to viral reverse transcription.
Databases on the expression of genes in mRNA and proteins.

Sites on Epigenetics, and processes that lead to expression of phenotypes due to environmental factors not previously recognised in the sequences of the nuclear DNA, representing the inheritance genome.

English-speaking journals on gene expression in RNA and proteins.
Sites offering supplies and services for research in processes of the Central Dogma of Genetics: transcription to mRNA, mRNA splicing, translation to polypeptides, modification of the resulting polypeptides by specific proteolysis and conjugation to carbohydrates, lipids and prosthetic groups, control of the processes. Separate sub-categories includes sites offering custom services and testing services.
Academic and commercial teams producing web sites of their work on translation of DNA to RNA to proteins, their scientific significance and clinical or biotechnological applications.
Retrovirus contain RNS strings carrying their genetic code and reverse transcriptase, an enzyme that allows the code of the RNA to be translated to DNA in the cell cytoplasm. The DNA strings are transported into the cell nucleus and inserted in the cellular DNA to form part of the cellular gene set-up. The normal cellular mechanisms and components are used to replicate the viral genes, convert them to RNA strings, synthetize the other components required by the intact virus and to set the virus free. The reverse transcription of the RNA string by reverse transcriptase is thus the first step in retroviral gene expression.

Sites may only have one listing in the Science tree and one in the Regional tree corresponding to the location of the head office.
Duplicate submissions risk deletion.

Sites offering or presenting software to be used in research on the processes related to the central dogma of molecular biology: transcription from DNA to mRNA, splicing, translation to polypeptides, processing of the polypeptides (specific proteolysis, conjugation to carbohydrates, lipids and prosthetic groups) and the control mechanisms involved.